“Can machines think?” This question was first posed by British mathematician Alan Turing in 1950. In his paper Computing Machinery and Intelligence, Turing proposed a now-famous test for determining whether or not a machine can be said to possess intelligence. 

The “Turing Test” would go like this: A human judge engages in a natural language conversation with one human and one machine, both of which are placed behind a screen. If the judge cannot reliably tell which is the machine and which is the human, then the machine is said to have passed the test.

While the Turing Test remains the best-known measure of machine intelligence, it is far from perfect. For one thing, it says nothing about how well a machine can perform specific tasks (as opposed to the general conversation). For another, it presupposes that a machine’s intelligence must be at least on par with a human’s. But what if we set the bar lower? What if we simply want to know whether a machine can carry out certain tasks better than a human?

This is the question that has come to dominate the field of artificial intelligence (AI). And the answer, more and more, seems to be “yes.”

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a branch of computer science that deals with the creation of intelligent agents, which are systems that can reason, learn, and act autonomously. More importantly, AI technologies can be used to build a variety of different applications, including expert systems, natural language processing (NLP) systems, and robotics.

” It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs. It is related to the similar task of using computers to understand human intelligence, but AI does not have to confine itself to methods that are biologically observable.”


Why Artificial Intelligence is Important?

Aside from all of the hype, there are several reasons why artificial intelligence is important.

Firstly, as industries become more data-driven, it becomes increasingly difficult for humans to make sense of all of this data to extract valuable insights. AI can help with this by automating certain processes and making predictions or recommendations based on data.

Secondly, as we become more reliant on technology, there is a growing need to create machines that can interact with us seamlessly and fulfill our needs, whether that be customer service or providing personalized content recommendations.

How Does Artificial Intelligence Work?

The workings of artificial intelligence can be broken down into three key components: 

  1. Data
  2. Algorithms
  3. Computing power

Data is the foundation of any AI system. For an AI system to learn, it needs a dataset that it can use to train itself. This dataset can be either structured or unstructured. Structured data is data that resides in a database and can be easily accessed, whereas unstructured data is data that is not organized in a database (e.g. images, videos, text).

Algorithms are what enable an AI system to learn from data. There are different types of algorithms, each with its own strengths and weaknesses. Some popular examples of algorithms include:

  • Supervised learning: This is where the AI system is given a dataset with known inputs and outputs and its task is to learn the mapping between these two sets of data.
  • Unsupervised learning: This is where the AI system is given a dataset with only inputs and no known outputs. The task of the AI system is to learn the structure of the data and to find any patterns that exist within it.
  • Reinforcement learning: This is where the AI system interacts with its environment to learn how to achieve a specific goal. It receives feedback from its environment in the form of rewards or punishments, which then informs its future actions.

[Related Article: What is Machine Learning? Everything you need to know]

The final component of AI is  As AI systems become more sophisticated, they require more computing power to Computing Power. This refers to the processing power that is required to run an AI system. function. This has led to the development of specialized hardware, such as GPUs, which are designed to provide the necessary processing power for AI applications.

AI: Approaches and concepts

According to Stuart Russell and Peter Nerving in their book Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, AI research deals with the question of how to create computers that are capable of intelligent behavior. This involves understanding the nature of intelligence and devising ways to artificially create it.

“the study of agents that receive precepts from the environment and perform actions.”

In understanding reasoning and behavior, four different approaches are explored:

  • Thinking humanly
  • Thinking rationally
  • Acting humanly 
  • Acting rationally

The first two approaches, thinking humanly and thinking rationally, are also known as the cognitive and rational agent models respectively. The cognitive model is an attempt to understand intelligence by studying the workings of the human mind. 

For instance, this approach often relies on psychological experiments to gain insights into how humans think and reason. The rational agent model, on the other hand, is an attempt to create a logical model of intelligence. This approach focuses on developing algorithms that can be used to solve problems.

The second two approaches, acting humanly and acting rationally, are also known as the behavioral and deliberative agent models respectively. The behavioral model is an attempt to create intelligent behavior by mimicking how humans act. 

To clarify, this approach often uses techniques from psychology and sociology to understand human behavior. The deliberative model is an attempt to create intelligent behavior by making use of reasoning and planning. This approach often uses techniques from mathematics and computer science to develop algorithms that can be used to solve problems.

Types of AI systems

There are four main types of AI systems:

  1. Reactive machines
  2. Limited memory
  3. Theory of Mind
  4. Self-aware

Reactive Machines

A reactive machine is an AI system that can only take into account the immediate present when making decisions. This type of AI has no memory and as a result, is only able to react to the current situation. Reactive machines are the simplest type of AI systems and as such, are often used in simple applications such as playing chess or Go.

While reactive machines may seem limited in their ability to make decisions, they have certain advantages over other types of AI. One advantage is that they are very fast — since they do not need to take time to recall past experiences, they can make decisions almost instantaneously. Another advantage is that they are very simple — since they do not need to store any information, they require less computing power than other types of AI.

 Limited Memory

A machine with limited memory is, as its name implies, able to store a certain amount of information long enough to use it at a later date but not indefinitely. This type of AI can be thought of as similar to humans in that they can remember the past and draw upon those experiences to better inform current decision-making.

While reactive machines only have access to the immediate present, limited memory machines can take into account a short history when making decisions. This is done by storing certain relevant information in what is known as a Markov decision process (MDP). Therefore, MDPs are used to help an AI system predict which actions will lead to the most favorable outcomes.

Theory of Mind

Theory of mind is a branch of artificial intelligence that deals with the ability to understand the thoughts and intentions of other individuals. This type of AI is often used in social robotics and human-computer interaction.

In fact, the theory of mind is considered to be a more advanced form of AI as it requires the ability to not only understand the thoughts and intentions of others but also to predict their future behavior.

Likewise, to do this, a machine needs to be able to understand the mental states of others — such as beliefs, desires, and emotions — and how these mental states can change over time.

Self Aware

Self-aware AI is a hypothetical form of artificial intelligence that is aware of its existence. This type of AI would be able to observe and understand its thoughts and feelings and those of others. More importantly, it is considered to be the Holy Grail of artificial intelligence research as it would represent a major breakthrough in our ability to create intelligent machines.

Obtaining human-level consciousness is seen as the ultimate goal of AI research and self-aware AI would be the first step in achieving this. However, many challenges need to be overcome to create self-aware AI. One of the biggest challenges is understanding how consciousness works. That’s why, scientists still do not have a full understanding of consciousness, and as a result, it is difficult to create a conscious machine.

The graph represents the three main categories of Artificial Intelligence The three main categories of artificial intelligence are: Narrow AI General AI Super intelligent AI

What are the three main categories of Artificial Intelligence?

The three main categories of artificial intelligence are:

  1. Narrow AI
  2. General AI
  3. Super intelligent AI

Narrow AI is also sometimes referred to as weak AI or applied AI. It is the type of AI that we see in the world today and it refers to systems that have been designed to perform a specific task. For example, a narrow AI system might be used to recommend songs to you on Spotify or to recognize faces in photos.

General AI, also known as strong AI or artificial general intelligence, is the type of AI that has yet to be achieved. This system is able to perform any intellectual task that a human being can. This is the holy grail of AI and it is what researchers are striving to achieve.

Super intelligent AI is a type of AI that goes beyond general AI. It refers to a system that is not only able to perform any intellectual task that a human being can but also surpasses human intelligence in some way. This is the stuff of science fiction and it is not something that we are likely to see in the world anytime soon.

Deep Learning VS Machine learning

Both Deep Learning and Machine Learning are subfields of Artificial Intelligence.

Deep learning is a subset of machine learning and is also sometimes referred to as neural networks. It is a type of learning that is inspired by the way that the brain works. Deep learning algorithms can learn from data in a way that is similar to the way that humans learn.

Machine learning is a type of artificial intelligence that allows systems to learn from data without being explicitly programmed. Machine learning algorithms are able to automatically improve given more data.

The main difference between deep learning and machine learning is that deep learning can learn from unstructured data while machine learning cannot. Consequently, this means that deep learning algorithms are better at understanding complex data such as images and videos. Machine learning algorithms, on the other hand, are better at understanding structured data such as tabular data.

Artificial Intelligence Applications

Some of the most popular applications of artificial intelligence include:

  1. Automated customer support: Automated customer support is a type of AI that is used to provide customer service. Automated customer support systems are able to answer questions from customers and provide them with information about products and services.
  2. Speech Recognition: Speech recognition is a type of AI that is used to convert spoken words into text. Speech recognition systems are used in a variety of applications such as voice-controlled assistants and automatic transcription.
  3. Predictive analytics: Predictive analytics is a type of AI that is used to make predictions about future events. Predictive analytics systems are used in a variety of applications such as stock market analysis and fraud detection.
  4. Robotics: Robotics is a type of AI that deals with the design and construction of robots. Robotics systems are used in a variety of applications such as manufacturing, healthcare, and defense.
  5. Computer vision: Computer vision is a type of AI that deals with the interpretation of digital images. Computer vision systems are used in a variety of applications such as object recognition and image search.
  6. Recommendation systems: Recommendation systems are a type of AI that is used to recommend items to users. Recommendation systems are used in a variety of applications such as e-commerce and social networking.
  7. Natural language processing: Natural language processing is a type of AI that deals with the interpretation of human language. Natural language processing systems are used in a variety of applications such as machine translation and chatbots.

How will Artificial Intelligence impact the future?

The future impact of artificial intelligence is both immensely exciting and somewhat scary at the same time. On the one hand, AI has the potential to transform our world in ways that we cannot even imagine. It could help us to solve some of the world’s most pressing problems, such as hunger and disease. Yet, on the other hand, AI also has the potential to displace large numbers of human workers and concentrate power and wealth in the hands of a small elite.

In brief, the future of AI is likely to be a mix of both of these scenarios. Undoubtedly, we will see amazing advances in AI that will benefit humanity as a whole, but we will also see increased inequality and displacement of workers. More likely, the key to ensuring that the future impact of AI is positive is to ensure that its benefits are shared by everyone, not just a select few.

Artificial Intelligence & Kiimkern

At the heart of Kiimkern’s success is our cutting-edge artificial intelligence technology. Our AI system is constantly learning and evolving, making it better at understanding the needs of our customers. As our AI system gets smarter, so do we. This feedback loop allows us to provide our customers with the best possible service.

Yet, using our AI technology tools, we enable businesses of all types and industries to take full advantage of the power of artificial intelligence to improve their operations and bottom line. We are proud to be at the forefront of this exciting and transformative technology.

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